You must be a CTBUH Member to view this resource.
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest point of the building, irrespective of material or function of the highest element (i.e., including antennae, flagpoles, signage and other functional-technical equipment).
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest occupied floor within the building.
The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).
The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.
Abraj Al-Bait Endowment
hotel / residential / retail
Note: Only buildings that have GPS coordinates recorded are displayed.
|1||Makkah Royal Clock Tower||2012||601 m / 1,972 ft||120||steel/concrete||hotel / residential / retail|
|2||Abraj Al Bait ZamZam Tower||2012||279 m / 915 ft||58||concrete||hotel|
|3||Abraj Al Bait Hajar Tower||2012||276 m / 906 ft||54||concrete||hotel|
|4||Abraj Al Bait Maqam Tower||2012||232.4 m / 762 ft||61||concrete||residential|
|4||Abraj Al Bait Qibla Tower||2012||232.4 m / 762 ft||61||concrete||residential|
|6||Abraj Al Bait Marwah Tower||2008||232 m / 761 ft||46||concrete||residential|
|6||Abraj Al Bait Safa Tower||2007||232 m / 761 ft||46||concrete||residential|
The Middle East: 30+ Years of Building Tall
28 November 2018 - CTBUH Research
Vertical Transportation: Ascent & Acceleration
12 September 2017 - CTBUH Research
12 October 2011
The protection of high rise buildings with a state-of-the-art fire suppression system is always considered as a challenge. Conventional sprinkler systems are known for decades...
12 January 2021
The tall buildings completed in 2020 have pushed the global average height of the 100 tallest buildings to 399 meters. Across the year, 14 buildings...
20 March 2020
In the first edition of the 2012 Journal, CTBUH published a Tall Buildings in Numbers study titled Tallest 20 in 2020: Era of the Megatall—The...
30 January 2020
In 2019, 126 buildings of 200 meters’ height or greater were completed. This was a 13.7 percent decrease from 146 in 2018. The total number...
29 July 2019
Since humans first began constructing tall buildings, history has been cluttered with claims of all manner of “highest” records. In this study, we examine those...
31 January 2019
In 2018, 143 buildings of 200 meters’ height or greater were completed. This is a slight decrease from 2017’s record-breaking total of 147, and it...
20 October 2018
The Middle East region is hosting its first CTBUH International Conference since 2008. In that year, there were 119 completed buildings of 150 meters or...
01 February 2018
In 2017, 144 buildings of 200 meters’ height or greater were completed. This is the fourth record-breaking year in a row, and it brings the...
14 November 2013
Twenty years ago, the Middle East contained only one skyscraper over 150 meters in height. It is now estimated that by the end of 2015...
31 December 2012
For the first time in six years the number of tall buildings completed annually around the world declined as the effects of the global financial...
18 January 2012
Within this decade we will likely witness not only the world’s first kilometer-tall building, but also the completion of a significant number of buildings over...
28 November 2018
CTBUH has released a Tall Buildings in Numbers (TBIN) interactive data study examining the relationship between high-rise growth and population in the Middle East.
12 September 2017
CTBUH partnered with Guinness World Records to identify the commercial building with the fastest elevator speeds and longest vertical runs.
13 October 2016
The Council is pleased to announce the Top Company Rankings for numerous disciplines as derived from the list of projects appearing in 100 of the World’s Tallest Buildings.
31 December 2012
Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel completed at 601 meters as the tallest building in 2012 and the second tallest building in the world. It is only the world’s second megatall.
31 December 2012
For the first time in six years the number of tall buildings completed annually around the world declined as the effects of the global financial crisis became evident.