CTBUH Gold Member

Pelli Clarke & Partners

About

Member Since: 1994

Member Offices: New Haven

Website: http://www.pcparch.com/

From the World Financial Center in New York to the Petronas Towers in Malaysia and the International Finance Centre in Hong Kong, Pelli Clarke & Partners has had the great fortune to design many prestigious projects.

Their portfolio includes retail and mixed-​use projects, academic buildings, libraries, museums, research centers, residences and master plans, and they have served private clients, businesses, institutions and government agencies.

Their work has received critical acclaim and hundreds of design awards, including the American Institute of Architects’ Firm Award, the highest honor for an architectural practice. In 1995, the American Institute of Architects awarded Cesar Pelli the Gold Medal, its highest honor for an individual. In 2004, the firm was given the Aga Khan Award for Architecture for the Petronas Towers.

Fields of Expertise

Architecture; Interior Design; Urban Design

Membership details

Membership Level

Gold

Member Since

1994

Member Offices

  • New Haven

Buildings

Please note that all heights shown in italics/red are estimated heights. These have been calculated based on known floor counts for the building, then extrapolated through analyzing typically hundreds of buildings of the same function on this database that do have confirmed heights. The user should be aware that non-standard building features, such as significant spires or raised entrances / podiums, may affect the accuracy of these estimations.

Rank
Name
Status

Completed

Architecturally Topped Out

Structurally Topped Out

Under Construction

On Hold

Proposed

Vision

Never Completed

Demolished

Competition Entry

Canceled

Proposed Renovation

Under Renovation

Renovated

Under Demolition

Height

1

Petronas Twin Tower 1

451.9 m / 1,483 ft

2

Petronas Twin Tower 2

451.9 m / 1,483 ft

3

Two International Finance Centre

412 m / 1,352 ft

4

Xiaobailou Union Plaza Tower 1

400 m / 1,312 ft

5

1 Corporate Avenue

376 m / 1,234 ft

6

Shanghai International Trade Center Tower 1

370 m / 1,214 ft

7

City Tower 1

358 m / 1,175 ft

8

Salesforce Tower

326.1 m / 1,070 ft

9

Toranomon-Azabudai District Main Tower

325.2 m / 1,067 ft

10

The Landmark

324 m / 1,063 ft

Building Completions Timeline

Videos

31 October 2017

Interview: Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects

Fred Clarke, Aïcha Woods & Mark Shoemaker of Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects are interviewed by Chris Bentley during the 2017 CTBUH Australia Conference.

View all

Research

01 March 2018

Realized Value Creation; New Construction in Constrained Urban In-Fill Sites

The Case Study prepared by PCPA and Lift Group will identify a growing development problem in urban areas; high value project sites that are restrictive...

View all

Global News

26 April 2022

Japan's Tallest Tower Tops Out In Toranomon, Tokyo

The 64-story skyscraper in the Toranomon-Azabudai Project topped out at 325.2 meters on April 21, 2022. This is now the tallest building in Japan, exceeding...

View all

Associated companies

Please note that all heights shown in italics/red are estimated heights. These have been calculated based on known floor counts for the building, then extrapolated through analyzing typically hundreds of buildings of the same function on this database that do have confirmed heights. The user should be aware that non-standard building features, such as significant spires or raised entrances / podiums, may affect the accuracy of these estimations.

Rank
Name
City
Height

1

Argentine Federale Building

Buenos Aires

610 m

2,001 ft

2

Miglin-Beitler Skyneedle

Chicago

610 m

2,000 ft

3

Evergrande City Light

Ningbo

454 m

1,488 ft

4

Petronas Twin Tower 1

Kuala Lumpur

452 m

1,483 ft

4

Petronas Twin Tower 2

Kuala Lumpur

452 m

1,483 ft

6

Two International Finance Centre

Hong Kong

412 m

1,352 ft

7

Xiaobailou Union Plaza Tower 1

Tianjin

400 m

1,312 ft

8

1 Corporate Avenue

Wuhan

376 m

1,234 ft

9

15 Penn Plaza

New York City

371 m

1,216 ft

10

Fairmont Kuala Lumpur Tower 1

Kuala Lumpur

370 m

1,214 ft

11

Shanghai International Trade Center Tower 1

Shanghai

370 m

1,214 ft

12

City Tower 1

Dubai

358 m

1,175 ft

13

Newpark Tower 1

Dallas

342 m

1,121 ft

14

Salesforce Tower

San Francisco

326 m

1,070 ft

15

Toranomon-Azabudai District Main Tower

Tokyo

325 m

1,067 ft

16

The Landmark

Abu Dhabi

324 m

1,063 ft

17

Columbus Circle Project

New York City

320 m

1,050 ft

18

Peachtree Triangle

Atlanta

306 m

1,004 ft

19

Union Park I

Toronto

303 m

995 ft

20

Torre Costanera

Santiago

300 m

984 ft

21

Abeno Harukas

Osaka

300 m

984 ft

22

Key Tower

Cleveland

289 m

947 ft

23

Nihonbashi 1-Chōme Central District Redevelopment

Tokyo

284 m

932 ft

24

Cheung Kong Centre

Hong Kong

283 m

928 ft

25

Torre Mitikah

Mexico City

267 m

877 ft

26

Petronas Tower 3

Kuala Lumpur

267 m

876 ft

27

Bank of America Corporate Center

Charlotte

266 m

871 ft

28

Raffles City The Bund East Tower

Shanghai

263 m

863 ft

28

Raffles City the Bund West Tower

Shanghai

263 m

863 ft

30

Toranomon-Azabudai District West Tower

Tokyo

263 m

862 ft

31

Union Park II

Toronto

262 m

859 ft

32

Shanghai IFC North Tower

Shanghai

260 m

853 ft

33

Central International Plaza East Tower

Xuzhou

259 m

850 ft

34

Central International Plaza West Tower

Xuzhou

259 m

850 ft

35

Canada Square Tower 1

Toronto

255 m

837 ft

36

Salesforce Tower

Chicago

255 m

835 ft

37

Shanghai IFC South Tower

Shanghai

250 m

820 ft

38

Torre de Cristal

Madrid

249 m

817 ft

39

Bloomberg Tower

New York City

246 m

806 ft

40

Ocean Financial Centre

Singapore

245 m

804 ft

41

The Centrale

New York City

245 m

803 ft

42

542-550 Howard Street

San Francisco

244 m

800 ft

43

30 Hudson Street

Jersey City

238 m

781 ft

44

Toranomon-Azabudai District East Tower

Tokyo

237 m

778 ft

45

BB&T Tower

Winston-Salem

237 m

778 ft

46

Wells Fargo Center

Minneapolis

236 m

775 ft

47

One Canada Square

London

236 m

774 ft

48

Carnegie Hall Tower

New York City

231 m

757 ft

49

Three World Financial Center

New York City

225 m

739 ft

50

Texas Tower

Houston

224 m

735 ft

51

Taikang Headquarters Building

Beijing

223 m

733 ft

52

FMC Tower at Cira Centre South

Philadelphia

223 m

730 ft

53

777 Tower

Los Angeles

221 m

725 ft

54

Vanke One City Office Tower

Shenzhen

220 m

722 ft

55

COLI Huanchen Tower

Kunming

220 m

722 ft

56

Shanghai International Trade Center Tower 2

Shanghai

220 m

722 ft

57

1555 Poydras

New Orleans

219 m

719 ft

58

Unicredit Tower

Milan

218 m

714 ft

59

Capital Place Office Tower

Jakarta

215 m

706 ft

60

501 Congress Avenue

Austin

215 m

705 ft

61

The Tower at Society Center

Hartford

212 m

696 ft

62

Union Park III

Toronto

211 m

691 ft

63

No. 1 Shanghai

Shanghai

211 m

691 ft

64

Hyatt Hotel at Fain Pier

Boston

210 m

689 ft

65

One International Finance Centre

Hong Kong

210 m

689 ft

66

181 West Madison

Chicago

207 m

680 ft

67

South Station Tower

Boston

206 m

677 ft

68

Vietcombank Tower

Ho Chi Minh City

206 m

676 ft

69

Wolf Point East Tower

Chicago

204 m

668 ft

70

25 Canada Square

London

201 m

659 ft

71

Two World Financial Center

New York City

197 m

645 ft

72

Residences by Armani Casa

Sunny Isles Beach

195 m

639 ft

73

Nihonbashi Mitsui Tower

Tokyo

192 m

631 ft

74

Atago Green Hills Mori Tower

Tokyo

187 m

614 ft

75

Riverview Plaza A3

Wuhan

186 m

610 ft

76

Hillsborough River Tower

Tampa

183 m

600 ft

77

One Congress Street Tower 2

Boston

183 m

600 ft

78

Aria Resort & Casino

Las Vegas

183 m

600 ft

79

Harbor Garage Project Residential Tower

Boston

183 m

600 ft

80

1500 Louisiana Street

Houston

183 m

600 ft

81

Wood Wharf W02

London

182 m

595 ft

82

Torre Sevilla

Sevilla

181 m

592 ft

83

Block 185

Austin

180 m

589 ft

84

Museum Tower

New York City

180 m

589 ft

85

One World Financial Center

New York City

176 m

577 ft

86

Lyra

New York City

174 m

571 ft

87

Spear Tower

San Francisco

172 m

564 ft

88

Torre Iberdrola

Bilbao

165 m

541 ft

89

Union Park IV

Toronto

164 m

537 ft

90

Torre Repsol YPF

Buenos Aires

160 m

525 ft

91

Torre Sofia

San Pedro Garza García

158 m

518 ft

92

Atago Green Hills Forest Tower

Tokyo

157 m

515 ft

93

1214 Fifth Avenue

New York City

156 m

513 ft

94

1 West End Avenue

New York City

156 m

513 ft

95

Riverview Plaza A2

Wuhan

156 m

512 ft

96

25 Bank Street

London

153 m

502 ft

96

40 Bank Street

London

153 m

502 ft

98

Four World Financial Center

New York City

152 m

500 ft

99

70 Trinity Place

New York City

152 m

499 ft

100

Torre Libertad

Mexico City

150 m

492 ft

101

Baoland Plaza

Guangzhou

149 m

487 ft

102

6624 Fannin Tower

Houston

145 m

477 ft

103

Abeno Grand Tour

Osaka

144 m

473 ft

104

Sea Hawk Hotel & Resort

Fukuoka

143 m

469 ft

105

900 3rd Avenue

New York City

143 m

469 ft

106

100 North Main Street

Winston-Salem

140 m

460 ft

107

Nakanoshima Mitsui Building

Osaka

140 m

460 ft

108

Camargo Corporate North Tower

São Paulo

139 m

456 ft

108

Camargo Corporate South Tower

São Paulo

139 m

456 ft

110

Four Leaf Towers 1

Houston

135 m

444 ft

110

Four Leaf Towers 2

Houston

135 m

444 ft

112

NHK Osaka Hall

Osaka

135 m

443 ft

113

Cira Centre

Philadelphia

133 m

437 ft

114

La Nube

San Pedro Garza García

132 m

433 ft

115

68 Trinity Place

New York City

132 m

433 ft

116

Evo at Cira Centre South

Philadelphia

130 m

427 ft

117

Sede Corporativa Banco Macro

Buenos Aires

130 m

427 ft

118

Residencial del Bosque 1

Mexico City

129 m

422 ft

118

Residencial del Bosque 2

Mexico City

129 m

422 ft

120

JPMorgan Chase Building

San Francisco

128 m

420 ft

121

1330 Post Oak Boulevard

Houston

128 m

420 ft

122

NTT Shinjuku Head Office Building

Tokyo

127 m

417 ft

123

Citylights at Queens Landing

New York City

125 m

410 ft

124

475 Park Avenue South

New York City

124 m

408 ft

125

Frost Bank Tower

San Antonio

122 m

400 ft

126

Gioia 22

Milan

121 m

398 ft

127

Baosteel Shanghai Headquarters

Shanghai

120 m

392 ft

128

CHOP Roberts Center for Pediatric Research Building 1

Philadelphia

114 m

375 ft

129

The Visionaire

New York City

110 m

360 ft

130

1360 Post Oak Tower

Houston

107 m

351 ft

130

Wells Fargo Tower

Houston

107 m

351 ft

132

South Station Air Rights Development Phase 2

Boston

106 m

349 ft

133

Cleveland Marriott Downtown at Key Center

Cleveland

103 m

339 ft

134

McKinney & Olive

Dallas

102 m

335 ft

135

Clorox Building

Oakland

101 m

330 ft

136

North Point

Hong Kong

100 m

328 ft

Please note that this height is estimated, based on a floor count of 23 floors. The estimation has been arrived at by analyzing 6,707 other buildings of the same office function on this database that do have confirmed heights. The user should be aware that non-standard features, such as significant spires or raised entrances / podiums, may affect the accuracy of this estimation.

137

Porta Nuova Garibaldi Tower B

Milan

100 m

328 ft

138

Brooklyn Commons - 115 Myrtle Avenue

New York City

99 m

325 ft

139

Shenzhen Kerry Hotel Jen

Shenzhen

96 m

315 ft

140

Gonda Building

Rochester, MN

93 m

305 ft

141

Four Seasons Hotel Jakarta

Jakarta

91 m

299 ft

142

Zurichtoren

The Hague

88 m

289 ft

143

Plaza Tower

Costa Mesa

86 m

283 ft

144

The Solaire

New York City

85 m

280 ft

145

South Station Air Rights Development Phase 3

Boston

85 m

279 ft

146

Osaka Museum of History

Osaka

83 m

272 ft

147

Pacific Design Center Red Building

Los Angeles

66 m

216 ft

148

One Century Tower

New Haven

65 m

213 ft

149

Porta Nuova Garibaldi Tower C

Milan

62 m

202 ft

150

One Park West Tower 1

Liverpool

56 m

184 ft

151

1212 Fifth Avenue

New York City

54 m

177 ft

152

One Park West Tower 2

Liverpool

50 m

165 ft

153

PVN Tower

Hanoi

- m

- ft

154

Trump Crystal

Istanbul

- m

- ft

155

PVN Residential Tower

Hanoi

- m

- ft

156

Maral 57

Mar del Plata

- m

- ft

157

Buerger Center for Advanced Pediatric Care, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Philadelphia

- m

- ft

Statistics

150 m+ Buildings

300 m+ Buildings

Average Building Age*

17 Years

Most Common Function*

Office (59%), 74 Buildings

Most Common Material*

Concrete (40%), 36 Buildings

* Based on 150 m+ buildings currently in the database.

Total: 126 Buildings for which a function has been assigned.
 
Total: 89 Buildings for which a material has been assigned.
 

*Based on 126 Completed & Under Construction Buildings

Building Completions Timeline

Building Map

Construction Time Chart

NOTE: Construction start time is not available for all buildings. The average construction time is only displayed if there is three or more buildings with construction start and complete data in that year.

Designated Experts

31 October 2017 | Sydney

Interview: Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects

Fred Clarke, Aïcha Woods & Mark Shoemaker of Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects are interviewed by Chris Bentley during the 2017 CTBUH Australia Conference.

30 October 2017 | Sydney

CTBUH 2017 Australia Conference - Session 4A: Connected Buildings and Urban Mobility

Ame Engelhart, Director - Hong Kong, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP, chairs the question and answer session with Fred Clarke, Senior Design Principal, Pelli Clarke...

30 October 2017 | Sydney

Humanizing Infrastructure: How Large-Scale, Transit-Based Urban Design Contributes to a Vibrant City

This presentation addressed the benefits of transit-based urban infrastructure development. In particular, it discusses the ways large-scale infrastructure can be humanized, making it open, friendly,...

04 February 2010 | Mumbai

The Re-making of Mumbai: Search for an Appropriate Skyscraper Response

In the early part of 2009, twelve students from the Illinois Institute of Technology, under the tutelage of Professor Antony Wood and working together with...

20 November 2008 | Chicago

Interview: Pelli Clarke Pelli

Larry Ng, of Pelli Clarke Pelli, is interviewed by Jeff Herzer at the CTBUH Headquarters at the Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago. The interview was...

01 March 2018

Realized Value Creation; New Construction in Constrained Urban In-Fill Sites

Nathaniel C. Hadley, Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects; Charles H. Thornton, 2Lift Group LLC

The Case Study prepared by PCPA and Lift Group will identify a growing development problem in urban areas; high value project sites that are restrictive...

30 October 2017

Connecting the City: People, Density & Infrastructure

CTBUH 2017 Conference Speakers

The future of humanity on this planet relies on the collective benefits of urban density; reducing both land consumption and the energy needed to construct...

16 October 2005

An Aesthetics of Sustainability

Lawrence S. Ng, Cesar Pelli & Associates

Cesar Pelli recently completed the design of two tall buildings: one in Madrid and one in the United Arab Emirates, both extreme climatic conditions. Both...

20 October 2003

Life Safety System Design for the Petronas Twin Towers

Lawrence S. Ng, Cesar Pelli & Associates

One of the early design meetings of the Petronas Twin Towers was held in New York on the date of the first explosion at the...

26 April 2022

Japan's Tallest Tower Tops Out In Toranomon, Tokyo

The 64-story skyscraper in the Toranomon-Azabudai Project topped out at 325.2 meters on April 21, 2022. This is now the tallest building in Japan, exceeding...

22 December 2021

Construction Begins on Nihonbashi High-Rise in Tokyo

Construction has now started on a 52-story mixed-use development alongside Nihonbashi River. The 284-meter-tall tower will include 100 luxury residences on the top four floors....

22 February 2021

Under-Construction Tokyo Skyscraper to Include Condos

A skyscraper now under-construction in the heart of Tokyo will have residential areas on its upper floors, with services provided by luxury hotel operator Aman...

03 November 2020

Major Hotel Brand to Open First Hotel in Japan in 2026

Waldorf Astoria Hotels & Resorts is opening Japan's first Waldorf-branded hotel in Tokyo in 2026. The hotel will occupy the 39th to 47th floors within...

12 May 2020

What Could be Japan's Tallest Building Project Continues Work Amid Pandemic

Yoshiko Mori’s fortune fell 19 percent to $1.4 billion, dropping along with the turmoil that has rocked global markets. The Japanese property developer she controls,...

16 April 2020

Shanghai's Xuhui District Presses Ahead on Landmark Projects

The Xuhui district government released its major construction plans for 2020 on 1 April with 61 projects with an investment of 16.5 billion yuan (US$2.34...

22 August 2019

Updated Design Plans Revealed for Massive Central Tokyo Redevelopment

Mori Building Co. recently unveiled updated design plans for a massive redevelopment project in central Tokyo, including the construction of what could become Japan’s tallest...

20 June 2019

New 28-Story Skyscraper to be Built in Oakland

The CEO of Kaiser Permanente announced 17 June 2019 that the company will be constructing a new headquarters in Oakland and will call it The...

08 March 2019

First Tower in Mexico City’s Mitikah Project to Open in 2019

The first office tower of the Mítikah project will enter into operation this year. Real estate investment firm, Fibra Uno will execute capital investments between...

06 March 2019

Penthouse at Tokyo Complex could be Among Japan’s Most Expensive Sales

A penthouse in Toranomon is rumored to have sold off-the-plan for 5 billion Yen (US$45 million), making it potentially one of the most expensive apartments...

CTBUH Initiatives Involving Pelli Clarke & Partners

CTBUH Chicago FLC Presents: Wolf Point East

16 December 2020

The CTBUH Chicago Future Leaders Committee held a virtual presentation on Wolf Point East, the second tower in a series of three, situated on the historic Wolf Point site in Chicago.

Skybridges: Bringing the Horizontal into the Vertical Realm

02 July 2020

This symposium gathered many successful practitioners sharing their experiences and discussing the recreation of the urban realm in the sky through connections between buildings at height.

CTBUH 2016 Conference Silver+ Sponsor

16–21 October 2016

Cities to Megacities: Shaping Dense Vertical Urbanism takes place progressively across three Chinese cities: Shenzhen, Guangzhou, and Hong Kong.

Top Company Rankings: The World’s 100 Tallest Buildings

13 October 2016

The Council is pleased to announce the Top Company Rankings for numerous disciplines as derived from the list of projects appearing in 100 of the World’s Tallest Buildings.

Warm Weather Spaces Walking Tours 2015

17 September 2015

The CTBUH Urban Habitat / Urban Design Committee organized guided walking tours of 16 cities around the globe, focusing on urban habitats around tall buildings.

Seven Cities Winter Spaces Walking Tour

29 January 2015

The new CTBUH Urban Habitat / Urban Design Committee organized a highly successful Winter Spaces Walking Tour in seven cities around the world.