01 February 2017

From Unseen to Iconic: Contextual Designs For China’s Large-Scale Mixed-Use Complexes

Quanhong Li, CallisonRTKL

As the high-rise phenomenon moves from first- to second- and third-tier cities in China, high-density vertical urban developments are shaping the future identities of these...

17 October 2016

Megacities: Setting the Scene

Daniel Safarik, Shawn Ursini & Antony Wood; Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat

The rise of the megacity presents unprecedented opportunities to understand the human urbanization phenomenon, and to observe the effects of multicore, polycentric cities growing together...

06 November 2014

Dream Deferred: Unfinished Tall Buildings

CTBUH Research

Without big dreams, there would be no tall buildings. Conceiving, financing, designing, and constructing a skyscraper is no simple feat, even under the best of...

16 September 2014

Design for Vertical Habitation

Jun Xia, Elizabeth Michalska, Wendy Wong & Raymon Chen, Gensler

This chapter describes the main principles behind the architectural design of the building. Its architectural expression and functional organization achieve not only iconic landmark status,...

16 September 2014

Sustainability Strategy

Li Jun Cao, Environmental Market Solutions, Inc.; Hai Tao Li, Zhongnan Group

This chapter explores methodologies and approaches for achieving sustainable design for megatall buildings, through the review of various sustainable design elements that will be implemented...

16 September 2014

MEP Design Challenges

Kam Chuen (Vincent) Tse, Lung Wai (Herbert) Lam, Ho-Yin (Vincent) Leung & Yong Mao, Parsons Brinckerhoff

The Suzhou Zhongnan Center is a megatall building of a mixed-used nature, including international Grade-A offices, a seven-star hotel, an observation deck, deluxe apartments, small-office...

16 September 2014

Elevator Systems and Elevator Evacuation Design

Xiaomei Lee, Frederick Liu & Liming Zhou, Gensler; Steve Edgett, Edgett Williams Consulting Group, Inc.

Because supertall and megatall buildings are a very recent phenomenon, there are no specific building codes written for them. For any building over 50 stories,...

16 September 2014

Analysis of Pile Foundations and Load Tests

Jiangbin Wu, Weidong Wang, Yuting Huang, Xiangjun Wang & Shubo Nie, East China Architectural Design & Research Institute Co., Ltd.

This chapter describes the pile design and the static loading tests of the megatall Suzhou Zhongnan Center tower and its deep basement. Large-diameter and super-long...

16 September 2014

Design and Environmental Protection Measures During Excavation

Qiping Weng, R.B. Liu, Weidong Wang & Z.H. Wu, East China Architectural Design & Research Institute Co., Ltd.

The total foundation pit area of the Suzhou Zhongnan Center is 26,260 square meters and is divided into two areas: one area consists of five...

16 September 2014

Structural Design Challenges

Yi Zhu, Dennis Poon, Paul Fu & Zhenggui Ma, Thornton Tomasetti

Built on soft soils, Suzhou Zhongnan Center relies on concrete bored piles with post-grouting to support the massive tower. An efficient lateral system, namely the...