976
Global
Height rank

Torre Espacio

Madrid
Height 224.2 m / 735 ft
Floors 56
Official Name
The current legal building name.

Torre Espacio

Type
CTBUH collects data on two major types of tall structures: 'Buildings' and 'Telecommunications / Observation Towers.' A 'Building' is a structure where at least 50% of the height is occupied by usable floor area. A 'Telecommunications / Observation Tower' is a structure where less than 50% of the structure's height is occupied by usable floor area. Only 'Buildings' are eligible for the CTBUH 'Tallest Buildings' lists.

Building

Status
Completed
Architecturally Topped Out
Structurally Topped Out
Under Construction
Proposed
On Hold
Never Completed
Vision
Competition Entry
Canceled
Proposed Renovation
Under Renovation
Renovated
Under Demolition
Demolished

Completed

Completion

2008

Country
The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of Country, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

Spain

City
The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of City, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

Madrid

Function
A single-function tall building is defined as one where 85% or more of its usable floor area is dedicated to a single usage. Thus a building with 90% office floor area would be said to be an "office" building, irrespective of other minor functions it may also contain.

A mixed-use tall building contains two or more functions (or uses), where each of the functions occupy a significant proportion of the tower's total space. Support areas such as car parks and mechanical plant space do not constitute mixed-use functions. Functions are denoted on CTBUH "Tallest Building" lists in descending order, e.g., "hotel/office" indicates hotel function above office function.

office

Structural Material
Steel
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from steel. Note that a building of steel construction with a floor system of concrete planks or concrete slab on top of steel beams is still considered a “steel” structure as the concrete elements are not acting as the primary structure.

Reinforced Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from concrete which has been cast in place and utilizes steel reinforcement bars.

Precast Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning system are constructed from steel reinforced concrete which has been precast as individual components and assembled together on-site.

Mixed-Structure
Utilizes distinct systems (e.g. steel, concrete, timber), one on top of the other. For example, a steel/concrete indicates a steel structural system located on top of a concrete structural system, with the opposite true of concrete/steel.

Composite
A combination of materials (e.g. steel, concrete, timber) are used together in the main structural elements. Examples include buildings which utilize: steel columns with a floor system of reinforced concrete beams; a steel frame system with a concrete core; concrete-encased steel columns; concrete-filled steel tubes; etc. Where known, the CTBUH database breaks out the materials used in a composite building’s core, columns, and floor spanning separately.

concrete

Height
Architectural
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

224.2 m / 735 ft

To Tip
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest point of the building, irrespective of material or function of the highest element (i.e., including antennae, flagpoles, signage and other functional-technical equipment).
230.0 m / 755 ft
Floors Above Ground
The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

56

Floors Below Ground
The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.

6

# of Elevators
Number of Elevators refers to the total number of elevator cars (not shafts) contained within a particular building (including public, private and freight elevators).

27

Rankings
#
976
Tallest in the World
#
34
Tallest in Europe
#
4
Tallest in Madrid
#
443
Tallest Office Building in the World
#
15
Tallest Office Building in Europe
#
3
Tallest Office Building in Spain
#
3
Tallest Office Building in Madrid
#
462
Tallest Concrete Building in the World
#
22
Tallest Concrete Building in Europe
#
3
Tallest Concrete Building in Spain
#
3
Tallest Concrete Building in Madrid
Construction Schedule
2004

Construction Start

2008

Completed

Architect
Design

Usually involved in the front end design, with a "typical" condition being that of a leadership role through either Schematic Design or Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Other Consultant

Other Consultant refers to other organizations which provided significant consultation services for a building project (e.g. wind consultants, environmental consultants, fire and life safety consultants, etc).

Façade

These are firms that consult on the design of a building's façade. May often be referred to as "Cladding," "Envelope," "Exterior Wall," or "Curtain Wall" Consultant, however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Façade Consultant" exclusively.

Material Supplier

Material Supplier refers to organizations which supplied significant systems/materials for a building project (e.g. elevator suppliers, facade suppliers, etc).

Construction Hoists
Façade Maintenance Equipment
Sealants
Architect
Design

Usually involved in the front end design, with a "typical" condition being that of a leadership role through either Schematic Design or Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Architect of Record

Usually takes on the balance of the architectural effort not executed by the "Design Architect," typically responsible for the construction documents, conforming to local codes, etc. May often be referred to as "Executive," "Associate," or "Local" Architect, however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Architect of Record" exclusively.

Reid Fenwick Associados
Structural Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

MC2 Estudio de Ingenieria
Other Consultant

Other Consultant refers to other organizations which provided significant consultation services for a building project (e.g. wind consultants, environmental consultants, fire and life safety consultants, etc).

Façade

These are firms that consult on the design of a building's façade. May often be referred to as "Cladding," "Envelope," "Exterior Wall," or "Curtain Wall" Consultant, however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Façade Consultant" exclusively.

Way Finding
neabranding
Material Supplier

Material Supplier refers to organizations which supplied significant systems/materials for a building project (e.g. elevator suppliers, facade suppliers, etc).

Construction Hoists
Façade Maintenance Equipment
Paint/Coating
AkzoNobel
Sealants

Videos

07 November 2013 | Madrid

Lynn S. Beedle Lifetime Achievement Award: A Lifetime's Work

Lynn S. Beedle Lifetime Achievement Awardee Henry Cobb's career is remarkable because of his ethical and forward-thinking approach to the design of tall buildings and...

Research

17 October 2016

A Smart Real-Time Monitoring GNSS System for High-Rise Buildings

Nieves Quesada Olmo & María Jesús Jiménez Martínez, Technical University of Valencia; Mercedes Farjas Abadía, Technical University of Madrid

This paper analyzes and develops a real-time GNSS monitoring system to evaluate the lateral and torsional displacement and wind-induced response of a high-rise building. The...

About Torre Espacio

Torre Espacio is designed to energize the space in which it stands and animate the skyline of Madrid. The design of Torre Espacio evolves from a square plan at its base to a gently curving lozenge, shaped by the intersection of two quarter circles, at its crown. Its intersecting curved surfaces are composed of many separate panels that must be individually fabricated and assembled. Hence, there was a need to discover and adopt a geometric order that can rationalize and facilitate the desired evolution from square to quarter circle. The architects have found this order by subdividing the building section into 44 horizontal layers and then subdividing each quarter circle of the plan into an equal number of radial segments. The intersections of successive layers in section with successive segments in plan define points along a vertical curve.

The mathematical formula describing this curve is based on the cosine, and while it simplifies fabrication and assembly of the curtain wall, its rate of curvature is not constant, but rather changes gradually over its entire length. This gives the resulting tower form its distinctive and visually appealing sense of energy.

The façade is an internally ventilated climate wall design. It achieves an average of 1.3W/m2C thermal rating. It integrates façade technology with the building HVAC systems. This results in a reduction of energy consumption, improved occupant comfort and acoustical properties, and a high transparency ratio which allows the façade to be executed in floor-to-ceiling glass. Better utilization of natural light reduces artificial lighting, leading to direct energy savings. Reduced cooling loads from less artificial lighting also leads to indirect energy savings.

The design also utilizes cool ceilings, with a radiant grid of chilled water looped above the perforated metal ceiling panels which increases the comfort in the office spaces by cooling without drafts.