14
Global
Height rank

Lakhta Center

St. Petersburg
Height
1
To Tip:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest point of the building, irrespective of material or function of the highest element (i.e., including antennae, flagpoles, signage and other functional-technical equipment).

462 m / 1,516 ft
2
Architectural:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

462 m / 1,516 ft
3
Occupied:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest occupied floor within the building.

357 m / 1,171 ft
Floors
Above Ground

The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

87
Below Ground

The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.

3
1 2 3 Lakhta Center Outline
Height 462.0 m / 1,516 ft
Floors 87
Official Name
The current legal building name.

Lakhta Center

Other Names
Other names the building has commonly been known as, including former names, common informal names, local names, etc.

Gazprom Tower

Type
CTBUH collects data on two major types of tall structures: 'Buildings' and 'Telecommunications / Observation Towers.' A 'Building' is a structure where at least 50% of the height is occupied by usable floor area. A 'Telecommunications / Observation Tower' is a structure where less than 50% of the structure's height is occupied by usable floor area. Only 'Buildings' are eligible for the CTBUH 'Tallest Buildings' lists.

Building

Status
Completed
Architecturally Topped Out
Structurally Topped Out
Under Construction
Proposed
On Hold
Never Completed
Vision
Competition Entry
Canceled
Proposed Renovation
Under Renovation
Renovated
Under Demolition
Demolished

Completed

Completion

2019

Country
The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of Country, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

Russia

City
The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of City, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

St. Petersburg

Function
A single-function tall building is defined as one where 85% or more of its usable floor area is dedicated to a single usage. Thus a building with 90% office floor area would be said to be an "office" building, irrespective of other minor functions it may also contain.

A mixed-use tall building contains two or more functions (or uses), where each of the functions occupy a significant proportion of the tower's total space. Support areas such as car parks and mechanical plant space do not constitute mixed-use functions. Functions are denoted on CTBUH "Tallest Building" lists in descending order, e.g., "hotel/office" indicates hotel function above office function.

office

Structural Material
Steel
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from steel. Note that a building of steel construction with a floor system of concrete planks or concrete slab on top of steel beams is still considered a “steel” structure as the concrete elements are not acting as the primary structure.

Reinforced Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from concrete which has been cast in place and utilizes steel reinforcement bars.

Precast Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning system are constructed from steel reinforced concrete which has been precast as individual components and assembled together on-site.

Mixed-Structure
Utilizes distinct systems (e.g. steel, concrete, timber), one on top of the other. For example, a steel/concrete indicates a steel structural system located on top of a concrete structural system, with the opposite true of concrete/steel.

Composite
A combination of materials (e.g. steel, concrete, timber) are used together in the main structural elements. Examples include buildings which utilize: steel columns with a floor system of reinforced concrete beams; a steel frame system with a concrete core; concrete-encased steel columns; concrete-filled steel tubes; etc. Where known, the CTBUH database breaks out the materials used in a composite building’s core, columns, and floor spanning separately.

composite

Core
Reinforced Concrete
Columns
Concrete Encased Steel
Floor Spanning
Steel
Energy Label

LEED Platinum

Official Website

Lakhta Center

Height
Architectural
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

462.0 m / 1,516 ft

To Tip
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest point of the building, irrespective of material or function of the highest element (i.e., including antennae, flagpoles, signage and other functional-technical equipment).
462.0 m / 1,516 ft
Occupied
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest occupied floor within the building.
357.0 m / 1,171 ft
Observatory
357.0 m / 1,171 ft
Floors Above Ground
The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

87

Floors Below Ground
The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.

3

# of Parking Spaces
Number of Parking Spaces refers to the total number of car parking spaces contained within a particular building.

1935

# of Elevators
Number of Elevators refers to the total number of elevator cars (not shafts) contained within a particular building (including public, private and freight elevators).

40

Top Elevator Speed
Top Elevator Speed refers to the top speed capable of being achieved by an elevator within a particular building, measured in meters per second.

8.3 m/s

Tower GFA
Tower GFA refers to the total gross floor area within the tower footprint, not including adjoining podiums, connected buildings or other towers within the development.

143,400 m² / 1,543,545 ft²

Rankings
#
14
Tallest in the World
#
1
Tallest in Europe
#
1
Tallest in Russia
#
1
Tallest in St. Petersburg
#
5
Tallest Office Building in the World
#
1
Tallest Office Building in Europe
#
1
Tallest Office Building in Russia
#
1
Tallest Office Building in St. Petersburg
#
11
Tallest Composite Building in the World
#
1
Tallest Composite Building in Europe
#
1
Tallest Composite Building in Russia
#
1
Tallest Composite Building in St. Petersburg
Construction Schedule
2011

Proposed

2012

Construction Start

2019

Completed

Architect
Concept

Design

Usually involved in the front end design, with a "typical" condition being that of a leadership role through either Schematic Design or Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Structural Engineer
Peer Review

The Peer Review Engineer traditionally comments on the information produced by another party, and to render second opinions, but not to initiate what the design looks like from the start.

WSP
MEP Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Peer Review

The Peer Review Engineer traditionally comments on the information produced by another party, and to render second opinions, but not to initiate what the design looks like from the start.

Project Manager

The CTBUH lists a project manager when a specific firm has been commissioned to oversee this aspect of a tall building’s design/construction. When the project management efforts are handled by the developer, main contract, or architect, this field will be omitted.

Contractor
Main Contractor

The main contractor is the supervisory contractor of all construction work on a project, management of sub-contractors and vendors, etc. May be referred to as "Construction Manager," however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Main Contractor" exclusively.

Other Consultant

Other Consultant refers to other organizations which provided significant consultation services for a building project (e.g. wind consultants, environmental consultants, fire and life safety consultants, etc).

Façade

These are firms that consult on the design of a building's façade. May often be referred to as "Cladding," "Envelope," "Exterior Wall," or "Curtain Wall" Consultant, however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Façade Consultant" exclusively.

Foundation
Geotechnical
Lighting
Planning
Vertical Transportation
Wind
Material Supplier

Material Supplier refers to organizations which supplied significant systems/materials for a building project (e.g. elevator suppliers, facade suppliers, etc).

Façade Maintenance Equipment
Formwork
Sealants
Owner
Gazprom
Architect
Concept

Design

Usually involved in the front end design, with a "typical" condition being that of a leadership role through either Schematic Design or Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Structural Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Gorproject; Inforceproject
Peer Review

The Peer Review Engineer traditionally comments on the information produced by another party, and to render second opinions, but not to initiate what the design looks like from the start.

WSP
MEP Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Setec Bâtiment; Samsung C&T Corporation
Peer Review

The Peer Review Engineer traditionally comments on the information produced by another party, and to render second opinions, but not to initiate what the design looks like from the start.

Project Manager

The CTBUH lists a project manager when a specific firm has been commissioned to oversee this aspect of a tall building’s design/construction. When the project management efforts are handled by the developer, main contract, or architect, this field will be omitted.

Contractor
Main Contractor

The main contractor is the supervisory contractor of all construction work on a project, management of sub-contractors and vendors, etc. May be referred to as "Construction Manager," however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Main Contractor" exclusively.

Other Consultant

Other Consultant refers to other organizations which provided significant consultation services for a building project (e.g. wind consultants, environmental consultants, fire and life safety consultants, etc).

Acoustics
Threshold Acoustics, LLC; Ultima Pro Group
Building Monitoring
SODIS LAB
Façade

These are firms that consult on the design of a building's façade. May often be referred to as "Cladding," "Envelope," "Exterior Wall," or "Curtain Wall" Consultant, however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Façade Consultant" exclusively.

Foundation
Arabtec; BAUER Group; Geostroy
Geotechnical
Interiors
Fabio Mazzeo Architects; Exclusiva Design
LEED
ALAN Architecture and Project Management; Mİmta EkoYapı
Lighting
Lichtvision; Schuler Shook
Parking
Wohr Parking Systems Pvt. Ltd
Planning
Vertical Transportation
Schindler; MovvéO Ltd.
Wind
BMT; RWDI
Material Supplier

Material Supplier refers to organizations which supplied significant systems/materials for a building project (e.g. elevator suppliers, facade suppliers, etc).

Cladding
AGC Flat Glass; Saint-Gobain Glass Facade; POHL Group; Waagner Biro; Lindner Group; Hilti AG
Concrete
Beaton; Betomix
Crane
Liebherr
Electrical
ABB Group
Façade Maintenance Equipment
Fire Suppression
Marioff Corporation Oy
Formwork
HVAC
ENGIE; FläktGroup Holding GmbH
Plumbing
Puzer-keskuspölynimureita
Sealants
Solar Panels
FAFCO SA
Steel
EVRAZ plc; Mechel; Belenergomash-BZEM LLC; Kurganstalmost; Cimolai; ArcelorMittal

CTBUH Awards & Distinctions

Best Tall Building 400 meters and above 2021 Award of Excellence

2021 CTBUH Awards

Best Tall Building Europe 2021 Award of Excellence

2021 CTBUH Awards

Construction Award 2021 Award of Excellence

2021 CTBUH Awards

CTBUH Initiatives

2019 Tall Building Predictions for the Year to Come

22 January 2019 - CTBUH News

2018 Tall Building Predictions

17 January 2018 - CTBUH News

Research

23 September 2020

The Structural Engineering Design And Construction Of The Tallest Building In Europe Lakhta Center, St. Peters

Ahmad Abdelrazaq, Vladimir Travush, PhD, Alexey Shakhvorostov, PhD, et al., Samsung C&T

The 2020 National Building Code of Canada (NBC) and the 2021 International Building Code (IBC) both include Tall Wood Buildings (TWB) and are hailed as...

Global News

08 July 2019

Plans for 101-Story Apartment Building Revealed in Moscow

The 405-meter One Tower in Moscow is set to become one of the tallest residential buildings in Europe, the deputy mayor of Moscow announced as...

About Lakhta Center

The Lakhta Center constitutes the epicenter of St. Petersburg’s Primorsky District, employing a wide range of public functions alongside transportation infrastructure in an effort to anchor a sustainable economic zone. Originally planned for the historic center of the city, the project – then named Okhta Centre – garnered widespread media attention as stakeholders contended with the various impacts it would have on the image of the city. Ultimately, the tower was moved to its present location, adopting a new name and a fresh context to inform the master planned development. The tower will provide space for offices, as well as several public resources, including a planetarium, medical center, performance hall, and a bank.

The theme of the tower's design is that of a lonely spire in a horizontal landscape, with a unique shape informed by concepts of extrusion, torsion, and tension. The building’s designers sought to create an optimal balance between office and public areas, ultimately conceiving a complete community within the building’s walls. Outside of the building, the plan for the surrounding area incorporates greened and landscaped spaces. An open 2,000-seat amphitheater and green promenade with fountains, paths, and benches are all integrated into the design.

Lakhta Center incorporates a number of innovative energy-saving technologies into its design. A double-glazed façade increases the level of thermal insulation, leading to a reduction in heating and air-conditioning costs. Similarly, the premises will be heated using excess heat generated from working technical equipment. To combat the dual effects of extreme height and a harsh winter, an ice formation control system will be implemented to protect the building’s façade and passers-by below from the dangers of falling ice.

CTBUH Awards & Distinctions

Best Tall Building 400 meters and above 2021 Award of Excellence

2021 CTBUH Awards

Best Tall Building Europe 2021 Award of Excellence

2021 CTBUH Awards

Construction Award 2021 Award of Excellence

2021 CTBUH Awards

Structural Engineering Award 2021 Award of Excellence

2021 CTBUH Awards

Geotechnical Engineering Award 2021 Award of Excellence

2021 CTBUH Awards

Façade Engineering Award 2021 Winner

2021 CTBUH Awards

23 September 2020

The Structural Engineering Design And Construction Of The Tallest Building In Europe Lakhta Center, St. Peters

Ahmad Abdelrazaq, Vladimir Travush, PhD, Alexey Shakhvorostov, PhD, et al., Samsung C&T

The 2020 National Building Code of Canada (NBC) and the 2021 International Building Code (IBC) both include Tall Wood Buildings (TWB) and are hailed as...

20 March 2020

Tall + Urban Innovation 2020: Dominant Trends

CTBUH Research

Providing a global overview of tall building development, design and construction, the CTBUH Awards Program and related Tall + Urban Innovation Conference annually survey projects,...

20 March 2020

The Tallest 20 in 2020: Predictions vs. Reality

CTBUH Research

In the first edition of the 2012 Journal, CTBUH published a Tall Buildings in Numbers study titled Tallest 20 in 2020: Era of the Megatall—The...

20 March 2020

The Tallest 20 in 2020: Then and Now

CTBUH Research

This research paper undertakes a review of the 2012 report by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, “Tallest 20 in 2020: Entering the...

26 October 2015

The Challenges of Delivering Iconic Tall Buildings Across the World: A Global Technology Transfer

Ahmad Abdelrazaq, Samsung C&T Corporation

Samsung and the authors’ involvement in these major tall and complex building projects have facilitated the transfer of the technologies and best practices to projects...

16 September 2014

From “O” to “L” Design Challenges, Gazprom Tower

Peyman Askarinejad, Arabtec Construction LLC

Each supertall building project has its own design challenges and difficulties. The experience with Okhta “O” center which became Lakhta “L” center complex project in...

29 April 2011

Debating Tall: Gazprom Tower

Philip Nikandrov, RMJM; Kirill Strakhov, Deputy of Yabloko (Apple) Party/Head of Regional Committee on Historical Heritage of Kalininsky District of St. Petersburg

Ever since the project was first announced in 2005, the proposed 396-meter (1299-foot) tall tower of the Okhta Center has been the subject of fierce...

22 January 2019

2019 Tall Building Predictions for the Year to Come

Check out our monthly predictions based on our industry intelligence to see what trends and milestones will shape the industry in the year to come!

17 January 2018

2018 Tall Building Predictions

Check out all of our 2018 Tall Building Predictions, and dive into the full 2017 Tall Building Year in Review data report.

7 September 2017

CTBUH Supports High-Rise Conference at Samara State University

22 speakers discussed the state of high-rise design & construction at this conference, a partner event between the CTBUH and Samara State Technical University.

13 October 2016

Top Company Rankings: The World’s 100 Tallest Buildings

The Council is pleased to announce the Top Company Rankings for numerous disciplines as derived from the list of projects appearing in 100 of the World’s Tallest Buildings.

18 August 2016

Twisting Tall Buildings

CTBUH has released a study that looks at the recent proliferation of twisting towers creating a new generation of iconic buildings throughout the world.

2 September 2011

CTBUH Meeting: Russia

CTBUH Chairman Professor Sang Dae Kim held tall building lectures in Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia and Russia with the dual purpose of promoting CTBUH and the 2011 Seoul Conference.